Digital Analysis for Unknown Fraud Symptoms


Unknown fraud symptoms – General symptoms not related to a specific type of fraud, but that may be symptomatic indicators of fraud in the organization.

Data profiling

Fraud ratio/variance analysis

Benford’s Law – compares actual to expected distribution of large number sets

Source: Coderre, David G. (2004). Fraud detection: A revealing look at fraud. Vancouver, BC, Canada: Ekaros Analytical. pp. 211-227.

- R. S. Kulzick – 5/02/2007 -

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Copyright © 2007 Kulzick Consulting, PA - Last modified: September 13, 2008