"Privacy is the interest that individuals have in
sustaining a 'personal space', free from interference by other people and organisations
(Clarke, 1999)." Privacy has several dimensions.
- "privacy of the person, sometimes referred to
as 'bodily privacy' This is concerned with the integrity of the individual's body. Issues
include compulsory immunisation, blood transfusion without consent, compulsory provision
of samples of body fluids and body tissue, and compulsory sterilisation;
- privacy of personal behaviour. This relates to all
aspects of behaviour, but especially to sensitive matters, such as sexual preferences and
habits, political activities and religious practices, both in private and in public
places. It includes what is sometimes referred to as 'media privacy';
- privacy of personal communications. Individuals
claim an interest in being able to communicate among themselves, using various media,
without routine monitoring of their communications by other persons or organisations. This
includes what is sometimes referred to as 'interception privacy'; and
- privacy of personal data. Individuals claim that
data about themselves should not be automatically available to other individuals and
organisations, and that, even where data is possessed by another party, the individual
must be able to exercise a substantial degree of control over that data and its use. This
is sometimes referred to as 'data privacy' and 'information privacy' (Clarke, 1999)."
Information privacy is concerned primarily with the
last two dimensions.
Reference: Clarke, Roger. (1999). Introduction to
dataveillance and information privacy, and definition of terms. Accessed February 14, 2002
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